How much does it cost to set up a poultry farm in Nigeria?

Setting up a poultry farm in Nigeria can be a lucrative venture, given the country’s growing demand for poultry products. However, potential investors often wonder about the cost involved in establishing such a farm. In this article, we will explore the various factors that contribute to the cost of setting up a poultry farm in Nigeria.

Land and Housing

One of the primary expenses in establishing a poultry farm is acquiring suitable land and constructing appropriate housing for the birds. The cost of land can vary depending on the location, but it is advisable to invest in an area with good access to markets and utilities. Constructing poultry houses with proper ventilation, insulation, and amenities is crucial for the welfare and productivity of the birds. The cost of land and housing can range from ?500,000 to ?5,000,000 ($1,250 to $12,500), depending on the scale of the operation.

Equipment and Infrastructure

Poultry farms require various equipment and infrastructure to ensure efficient operations. This includes feeders, drinkers, chicken cages, incubators, ventilation systems, and generators. Investing in high-quality equipment is essential for maximizing productivity and minimizing maintenance costs. The cost of poultry equipment can range from ?500,000 to ?3,000,000 ($1,250 to $7,500), depending on the scale and quality of the equipment.

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Day-old chicks

The cost of purchasing day-old chicks or point-of-lay birds depends on the breed and quantity required. Broilers, raised for meat production, typically cost between ?50 to ?300 ($0.12 to $0.75) per bird. Layers, which are raised for egg production, can range from ?100 to ?500 ($0.25 to $1.25) per bird. It is essential to choose healthy birds from reputable suppliers to ensure the success of your poultry farm.

Poultry Feeds

Feeds constitute a significant portion of the operational costs of a poultry farm. The cost of feeds depends on the type of poultry and the duration of production. On average, the cost of feed per bird can range from ?750 to ?1,500 ($1.88 to $3.75) for broilers and ?1,000 to ?2,500 ($2.50 to $6.25) for layers. Developing a well-balanced and nutritious feed formula can help optimize productivity and reduce feed costs.


Labor costs include wages for workers involved in various tasks such as feeding, cleaning, and health management. The number of workers required will depend on the scale of the operation. Labor costs can range from ?100,000 to ?500,000 ($250 to $1,250) per month, depending on the number of workers and their level of expertise.

Miscellaneous Expenses

Additional expenses include veterinary services, medications, marketing, licenses, and permits. Veterinary services are crucial for maintaining the health and welfare of the birds. Marketing costs may vary depending on the strategies employed to promote your poultry products. Miscellaneous expenses can range from ?200,000 to ?1,000,000 ($500 to $2,500), depending on the scale and specific requirements of your farm.


The cost of setting up a poultry farm in Nigeria can vary depending on factors such as the scale of the operation, location, type of poultry, and infrastructure required. While the estimates provided in this article range from ?2,000,000 to ?20,000,000 ($5,000 to $50,000), it is essential to conduct thorough research and develop a detailed business plan to determine the specific costs for your unique circumstances.

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